Shipping to Germany

Freight to Germany – The ultimate guide

Ocean Freight Transportation to Germany

The biggest economic power in Europe is obviously Germany. It is even the fourth nation in the world in terms of GDP. It is also one of the founding countries of the European Union and the community supported the creation of a common currency among its members, the euro. The main translucent exporters with Germany and maritime or air transport.

In the year 2016, Germany’s trade surplus amounted to nearly $ 285 billion, the world’s highest. Its GDP depends on industry and services, it is also the third largest exporter in the world. They export a lot on the automobile market for example, or even electronics, pharmaceuticals, rubber or plastic. The price of imported products representing approximately 1,200 billion US dollars, this publication mainly represents oil and natural gas.

Most German companies are family SMEs. There are 50 companies in the Fortune Global 500 at their headquarters in Germany. The country is turning to businesses to create wealth. This is for all European entrepreneurs. Are you obliged to do research on shipping and air transport of goods in Germany.

sea freight hamburg

Port of Hamburg – Main port in Germany

Full Container (FCL) or Groupage (LCL)

Several options are possible when sending a container to Germany. You can have the container in full (FCL) or you can share the container with other people (LCL).

From a certain volume, it is more interesting to use an entire container, for example if you have more than 6 standard pallets a full load (FCL) will be more appropriate. If you reach the quantity of 10 standard pallets a 20 foot container will be ideal. To compare a 40 foot container represents about 22 pallets. The other advantage of FCL is that your products are not mixed with those of other exporters. You can contact Siam Shipping if you want a quote for this type of transport, we will make a Pleasure to answer it.

The two types of pallets available for Ocean Freight shipments are: Standard (1.2 m / 47 ¼ “X 1 m / 39 3/8”) and Euro (1.2 m / 47 ¼ “X.8 m / 31 ½ “).

If your load is stackable the types of pallets will be different, you have to have all that in mind when calculating your freight charges.

Ocean Freight Routes to Germany

When you want to export to Germany, ports like Bremen or Hamburg are very important for the economy.

  • Port of Hamburg

Located in the north of Germany about 110 kilometers from the mouth of the Elbe on the North Sea. It is classified as the second largest container port in Europe. In this port there are about 300 ammarage stations, 26 miles of wharf wall for ships at sea. It also has 4 container terminals and numerous facilities specializing in the management of bulk cargo shipments. It is also regarded as one of the most efficient ports in the world, for example last year it processed nearly 9.7 million standard containers

  • Ports of Bremen

Bremenports GmbH & Co. KG, a private company that manages public funds and assets, manages the ports of Bremen and Bremerhaven. These are very important ports in Europe. In these ports one can manage all kinds of freight, they are at the forefront of technology. For vessels with containers, they are mainly distributed to Bremerhaven, about 80% (car and fruit carrier). The port of Bremen will be more specialized in the handling of conventional cargo and in bulk cargo.

Rates for Air Transportation to Germany

Sometimes you can use ocean freight or air cargo, but you have to choose the right way to meet your needs. For example if you are in a hurry the air will be an advantage. But it has some limitations in terms of volume and weight. Siam Shipping can help you choose the best solution between 2.

Germany – Import Requirements and Documentation

The TARIC (Community Integrated Tariff), described above, is available to determine whether a license is required for a particular product.

The European Commission maintains an export assistance service with information on import restrictions on various products.

Note that many EU countries have their own list of goods that will be subject to their own import licenses.

Many EU Member States maintain their own list of goods subject to import licenses.

For example, Germany’s “List of Imports” (Einfuhrliste) includes products for which licenses are required. It will also indicate whether there is a German or European license required.

To know more about trade in Europe, click here : European commission – Import restrictions

Import Documentation – The Single Administrative Document

The formal written declaration form is the Single Administrative Document (SAD). The DAO will make it possible to describe all the various movements of goods throughout the world. It is absolutely essential for foreign trade with the EU. Customs supervision is required upon entry into the territory as soon as it enters the territory of the EU. Once arrived at customs the goods are inspected to see if they comply with the declaration. However, it should be noted that a filing deadline may be required at the time of customs but will not be extended beyond the first working day following the day on which the goods are presented to customs.

The Summary Declaration is filed by:

  • by any person who assumes responsibility for the transport of the goods after such entry or the person who brought the goods into the customs territory of the Community
  • the person for whom the transportation company works

The customs authorities can provide you with the declaration to be filled in to transport your goods. The customs authorities also request the writing of customs documents to identify the goods. The SAD will be used to declare goods for importers in the EU. It will include customs duties and VAT which is valid in all EU member states. The declaration must be made for all persons who wish to transport goods.

The customs declaration accompanying the goods must be submitted in writing and with a duplicate invoice. It is the German importer who usually deposits this declaration. The invoice will inform the country of purchase and the country of origin of the merchandise. There will also be :

  • (Company) and address of seller and buyer
  • Place and delivery date
  • Precise description of items
  • Volume or quantity
  • Price of the invoice
  • Terms of delivery
  • Payment

To visit official German authorities, click here : German customs