Shipping from and to Phuket
Phuket is one of the southern provinces (Changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Phang Nga and Krabi, although Phuket is an island and its borders are not terrestrial. North of the island is Phuket International Airport.
Geography of Phuket
Phuket is the largest mainland province of Thailand located in the Andaman Sea, west of the Malay Peninsula. It is very mountainous, with a mountain range west side which aligned north to south. The mountains of southern Phuket extend 440 kilometers from the Kra Isthmus. The highest point of the mountain chain is the Khao Phra Phuket Mi, with an altitude of 1138 m; while the highest point on the island itself is Mai Tha Sip Song (Twelve Canes), at 529 m.s.n.m. About 70% of the island is covered with forests. The western coast has several sandy beaches, but the east coast is generally swampy. The southern end of the island is Laem Promthep, a place very appreciated to watch the sunsets.
The main tourist region of the island is the beach of Patong, which also concentrates most of the nightlife of Phuket, besides being the largest shopping center of the island. Other popular beaches are Karon, Kata and Nai Harn to Bang Tao.
The island was affected by the tsunami of December 26, 2004 that devastated much of the coasts of the Indian Ocean
Economy of Phuket
The exploitation of tin mines was an important source of income for the island since the sixteenth century. Many Chinese workers were employed in the mines, and their influence on Phuket culture can be felt even today. With the falling price of tin exploitation definitively ended. Currently, Phuket’s economy rests on two pillars: rubber plantations (Thailand is the world’s largest rubber Producer), and tourism. Since the 1980s Phuket is one of the major tourist attractions of Thailand. Most of the sandy beaches of the island were transformed into tourist centers, with Patong, Karon and Kata are the most popular.
History of Phuket
The most significant fact in the history of Phuket was the attack by the Burmese in 1785. It is said that Sir Francis Light, a captain of the East India Company, sent a message to the local administration, warning that he had observed that Burmese forces were preparing for an attack. Kunying Jan, the governor’s wife, who had recently died, and her sister Mook, organized the defense of the island. After a month of siege, the Burmese were removed, the March 13, 1785 and the two women became national heroines, receiving the King Rama I, the honorary names Thao Thep and Thao Sri Sunthon Kasatri.
During the reign of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), Phuket became the administrative center of tin production in the southern provinces. In 1933, the Monthon Phuket was dissolved and Phuket became a province.
The old names of the island include Ko Thalang and Junk Ceylan, an English Malay Tanjung Salang distortion (Cape Salang).
Religion in Phuket
Like most of Thailand, the vast majority of the population is Buddhist, but there is also a significant number of Muslims (17%).
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