Sea Freight from/to Argentina
In South America, Brazil is the country with the largest economy but the second is Argentina. They are the only two South American countries to be a member of the G-20. We will see all the products that Argentina used to export around the world. First of all there is soya, Argentina is a big producer behind the United States and Brazil, that represented in 2011 about 48 million tons. It is also the fourth largest producer of oil in South America.
The quality of its meat is recognized throughout the world, so it is one of the leading meat exporters in the world.
Many software programs are also developed in Argentina, the production of automotive parts and components accounts for a large part of its exports. Argentina is also a member of Mercosur, so there is a lot of export with Spain which, by their historical ties and their common language, exchange much between them. The European Union in general will account for an important share of exports with Argentina, about 18%.
Full Container Load (FCL) or Less than a Container Load (LCL)-Groupage
To be the most profitable when removing your containers in Buenos Aires, you have to choose your type of transport. Either a full container FCL, or a partially filled container LCL.
Groupage will not be necessary if you have to carry 10 or 21 standard US pallets (standard has a width of 39.37 inches and a length of 47.24 inches). This will correspond perfectly to the capacity of the containers 20 ‘or 40’. Your shipping costs will therefore be optimized in the case of shipping. This will not be the case for any other number of pallets that will not fill an entire container, you can still choose to use the container for yourself, but you will not save.
So the other solution that exists is groupage, you will share the container with other traders. This will save you money because you will only pay for the space used by your merchandise, but be careful, your products may be damaged by others.
Maritime routes to Argentina
Puerto de Buenos Aires
The port of the capital of Argentina, Buenos Aires is the largest port of containers. Despite the fact that it has undergone remodeling work to accommodate passenger traffic it remains very important for trade.
It is the general administration of Puertos that manages the seaport.
There are also terminals that are managed by private companies that the administration will be able to supervise. The facilities in the Port of Buenos Aires are considered the fourth best in all of South America and the Caribbean, considering the size and management of cargoes. There are about 10,000 tons going through that port.
The Rio de la Plata terminal will handle almost 50% of the marina’s cargo. There are also terminals following 4.5, AMCYM and AGP
Port of Zárate
Another port is very important for Argentina, it is the port of Zarate. It wants to become a multimodal center serving Argentine foreign trade. Due to its geographical location in the heart of the industrial zone of the country and its good anchorage with the transport of the country (road, rails, river) its location is very interesting.
-Vehicle Terminal: operational since June 1996, it was the first South American terminal specially designed for the handling of vehicles.
– Container and General Cargo Terminal: this one dates from 2001, it makes it possible to manipulate all the containers as easily as possible.
Port of Rosario
There is also the port of Rosario in Argentina. It is a river port operated by ENAPRO (Ente Administrador Puerto Rosario). Ill is located on the right bank of the river about 550 km upstream from its mouth. It has 3,500 meters of wharf, 2 terminals and a main channel of 9 meters. It is not the largest port in the country but it remains very important.
Air freight from/to Argentina
When you are in Argentina, we advise you to buy goods in EXW, FCA or FOB, this will allow you to better follow the process of shipping the goods. We can help you with customs clearance in Argentina or Thailand.
Air freight is not limited to the type of merchandise, because you can very well transport perishable goods whose transport temperature must be controlled.
For air transport the following incoterms may be used: CIP, CPT, DAP, DDP.
If you need advice, Siam Shipping will be pleased to advise you on freight transport from / to Argentina.
- How to correctly prepare your parcel for the transport of goods from / to Argentina;
- What are the conditions for the use of Incoterms when buying or selling goods;
- What procedures should be prepared for the transport of dangerous goods?
- What are the precautions for transporting animals by air from Thailand?
The most famous airports in Argentina:
- Major airports in Argentina: Jorge Newbery Airport (AEP), Ministro Pistarini International Airport (EZE).
- Transit time: Airport of Argentina – Vilnius Airport (VNO) ~ 3-7 days.
Extra services of air freight shipping
- Cargo insurance – an airline will bear the damage to the amount of $ 25 / Kg, Siam Shipping will offer you additional insurance to cover your goods during transport
- Customs brokerage – We will be able to prepare your customs documents between Thailand and Argentina, tax agent service for foreign companies, execution of import and export procedures;
- Provide air cargo tracking information;
- Express distribution line in Argentina;
- Multimodal transport;
- Clearance in Thailand and Argentina.
To know more about air freight regulation in Argentina, visit the website of IATA (International Air Transport Association)
Regulations and customs in Argentina
Non Tariff Barriers
Protectionism is relatively present in Argentina despite its membership in Mercosur. Some products, such as sugar, textiles, steel, cars and automotive parts, are protected by high tariff restrictions, quotas and / or tariffs.
For permission to exchange local currency in foreign currency, please contact the Federal Administration of Ingreso Pùblico, AFIP.
Some products require sanitation certificates issued by this authority for products such as pharmaceuticals, insecticides, medical devices, and must be approved by the government in advance. Products such as agricultural products, livestock and plants.
Customs Duties and Taxes on Imports
In the case of transactions carried out within Mercosur, the latter will be exempt from duties, but the re-exportation of these goods will not be exempted from duty. To better understand, if we export a product from Argentina to Uruguay, the exporter will have to pay the duties in both countries. To have an idea of the tariff for countries outside Mercosur will be between 5 and 14%. A tax exemption is granted for companies that import their industrial machinery to their factories will be exempt from import taxes. Customs follows these protocols more or less rigorously depending on the economic situation in which the country is at the time of your transport of goods. To avoid under-invoicing of companies, Argentine customs have the right to apply a predefined value for the calculation of customs duties. These reference values are not published.
Customs threshold (from which tariffs are required)
No customs threshold. Items shipped by Correo Argentino have a minimum tax of 30 USD
To describe and code commodities, Argentina uses the harmonized commodity coding system. It is a system that was created by the World Customs Organization. Each product is identified by a 6-digit code, so nearly 5,000 groups of different products can be classified. There are more than 200 countries using this system.
To start your imports it is recommended to contact a customs broker to advise you. Indeed, import procedures have regularly changed in recent years, so it is important to be aware of them. As for today, the importer or exporter must be registered in Argentina’s customs register in order to be able to transport goods with that country. With some products, you will have automatic licensing processes, which will allow you to carry this type of product in Argentina. This way of working with nearly 600 different product types.
Customs in Argentina will classify the various inspection scales in 3 levels:
- Green: Clearance is carried out without physical inspection.
- Orange: only the documentation is inspected.
- Red: goods and documents are inspected.
A form must be completed to declare the quantities and contents of the goods. The Ministry of Industry is responsible for recovering them to accept customs clearance. All these documents must be translated into Spanish.
For Argentina, the common external tariff (CET) applies as this country is a member of Mercosur. This will represent between 0 and 20% of the value of the product but for automotive products this can go up to 35%. For the time being, NICTs, new information and communication technologies are exempted from the CET.
Import taxes are not the only ones to be applied, there are also:
- VAT of 10.5% or 21% on CIF. If the imported goods are intended for resale, the rate is 5.5% or 10% VAT on CIF.
- Although there are exceptions, there is a statistical fee of 0.5% on CIF.
- 3% of the anticipated profits tax for retail products.
- And a tax on gross income of 1.5%.
Products such as tobacco, soft drinks, alcoholic beverages will follow the country’s tax system.
In the case of commercial samples, whether for import or export, an ATA carnet (temporary authorization) may be used. It must be specified that the sample is free and should not be used for commercial purposes.
The Temporary Admission Scheme (TAR) will therefore allow all these promotional items to enter the country without any tax. These products must, nevertheless, be packed like any other product.
To know more about Argentinian regulation, please contact us of visit their website: Ministerio del interior in Argentina