Shipping goods between Thailand and Vietnam: The ultimate to-do-list
You’re certainly close to do an importation of goods between Vietnam and Thailand if you’re asking this to yourself.
This article was written to answer all the possible questions about this subject, because great English data is hard to sort out about it on the internet. Several hours spent on this topic and many years of practice on the Asian freight market is enabling us to give you all the essential details to control this process.
It doesn’t matter if you have many years of experience in the import/export field, or if it’s your first time, if you only need to do a single exportation/importation, or regular freights in time.
This article will provide you valuable information that will permit you to increase or enforce your freight operation.
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Our customs broker inform you
Customs clearance in Vietnam
What duties and taxes will I pay for my goods ?
Belonging both on the Indochina peninsula, Vietnam and Thailand always had a deep common history in terms of trades and economy. In 2018, 5% of the importations in Vietnam where coming from Thailand. More focused on China and Japan, only 2% of the imported goods in Thailand are coming from Vietnam.
Because both countries are part of the ASEAN economical community, duties and taxes from Thailand to Vietnam have been decreased and facilitated. This was stated in an official agreement called the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA).
This partnership reduced the import duties in Vietnam to 0-5 percent on 98.86 percent of their tariff lines, for goods in provenance of Thailand and other ASEAN countries.
*This links below will help you to calculate the taxes you may pay to transfer products between the countries.
*In this document, you will find all the taxes that applies on each good that you transfer to Vietnam ordered by the HS code (in the AHTN 2012 column).
Is it possible to be exempted of taxes for an importation from Thailand?
As both countries are members of the ASEAN Free Trade Area, most of the goods transiting between the two countries are submitted to no taxes or maximum 5% taxes on their FOB value.
The Certificate of Origin (CO)
The CO is certifying that the goods shipped have a defined place and country of origin. This document must be provided by a notary public or government. It’s important for you to have it in order to benefit of the Common Effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT) existing between the two countries.
ASEAN-Vietnam Free Trade Certificate of Origin
Products under CEPT of a Member state to another shall be eligible for preferential concessions. To be eligible, these products must be supported by a CO, as said before.
In the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement, Vietnam engaged itself to reduce drastically its import duties by 2015. For many ASEAN imported products, tariff lines have been eliminated. 2018 has been a decisive year in the Tax elimination planning. For example, all the taxes applied on vehicles had been eliminated at the beginning of this year while they where rising at 50% in 2015. We can say that the ATIGA is fully effective since 2018.
Goods exempted of tax in Vietnam
Some goods are tax-free in Vietnam, but they should fulfil certain conditions:
- They are momentarily staying on the Vietnamese territory, and will leave after a definite amount of time
- They are momentarily exported out of Vietnam and will come back after a definite time
- They are imported to generate planned assets for projects financed with the official development assistance fund.
- They are imported to take part in petroleum activities
- They are imported to take part in scientific research and technological development
*Now that you know the different legislation existing in terms of trade between the two countries, you will certainly learn more about the shipping details.
Customs contact in Thailand
Customs contact in Vietnam
Our customs broker inform you
Prohibited & restricted items
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SEA FREIGHT FROM/TO VIETNAM
By dint of the proximity between the two countries, Ocean freight from Thailand to Vietnam is the most convenient option in your hand. Transit times are low, and prices are very competitive.
With its very elongated territory edging the South China Sea, Vietnam owns numerous harbours that enable goods to enter and leave the country. The two major ports are Haiphong Port and Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). It’s explained by their closeness with the two biggest and busiest cities, Hanoi the capital, and HCMC the economical lung of Vietnam.
The other trade ports are smaller than those two. Whether they are little or large, all ports are well-equipped with FCL or LCL cargo services.
We can range the ports in three classes. The first is ports located on the north shoreline of the territory:
- Vung Ang
- Nghe Tinh
- Cam Pha
The 2nd class, which holds only Da Nang port, is the Central Vietnam port’s class.
To end, the 3rd and last class is including ports that are in the South of the country:
- Can Tau
- Nha Trang
- Qui Nhon
Here are is a table that defines transit times and rates on average, between the biggest Thai and Vietnamese ports. Smaller ports will have a slightly higher transit time than the two majors, because of their tiny traffic:
|Phuket||9 days||7 days||6 days|
|Bangkok||12 days||5 days||4 days|
|6 days||5 days||4 days|
|Map Ta Phut||6 days||5 days||4 days|
|Rayong||6 days||5 days||4 days|
|Songkhla||6 days||5 days||4 days|
|Sattahip||6 days||5 days||4 days|
|Si Racha||6 days||5 days||4 days|
*Please note that those transit times are just indicative timing between Thailand and Vietnam
AIR FREIGHT FROM/TO VIETNAM
Thailand and Vietnam are greatly equipped in International Airports. There are around 10 international airports that links the two countries to the rest of Asia and wider the world. They are all adapted in terms of freight ad passengers transfer. The biggest International Airlines are implanted in.
For your goods, it will take less than one day to transfer them from one country to another, via air freight.
RAIL FREIGHT FROM/TO VIETNAM
Even if there aren’t high-speed railways in Indochina, the railway network is dense enough to link all the Thai and Vietnamese major cities in less than 5 days. As Thailand and Vietnam doesn’t have boarders in common, all the trains are passing through Laos and Cambodia. Some of the lines are passing through their capitals Vientiane and Phnom Penh.
Here is a table detailing the different transit times between major cities/province in Thailand and Vietnam:
|Chiang Mai||5 days||4 days||5 days|
|Chiang Rai||6 days||5 days||6 days|
|Bangkok||4 days||2 days||3 days|
|Pattaya||4 days||3 days||3 days|
|Pak Kret||4 days||3 days||3 days|
|Nonthaburi||3 days||3 days||3 days|
|3 days||2 days||2 days|
|Udon Thani||2 days||2 days||3 days|
|Phuket||5 days||5 days||5 days|
|Hat Yai||5 days||5 days||5 days|
CROSS BORDER FROM/TO VIETNAM
*We’re not advising you to choose Road freight for your transfer between Thailand and Vietnam, and this for many reasons.
First, roads in Laos, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam are not very well designed and in good conditions, and major traffic jams can happen almost anytime anywhere. Also, the average age of the truck fleet in those 4 countries is older than 15 years. Thus, even if the middle time to link the two countries is less than 3 days, a big delay can easily happen.
Moreover, it will be almost always more expensive than the other freight solutions. Road freight is only good when it’s coupled with other freight modes, like Sea freight + Trucking, Air freight + Trucking…
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