Latest Shipping & Freight forwarding market updates May 2023

Latest Shipping & Freight forwarding market updates [May 2023]

Staying informed about the ever-changing dynamics of the competitive freight forwarding market is crucial. The global freight market continues to experience significant growth, as highlighted by the latest data from Statista. Alongside this growth, shipping costs and container loads have been subject to fluctuations. Brace yourself for the May 2023 update, where we unravel the industry's most captivating insights and trends. Discover the secrets to navigating this ever-evolving landscape and gain a competitive edge. Don't miss out on this thrilling opportunity to delve into the exhilarating world of the freight forwarding market. Get ready to embark on an exciting journey toward success with Siam Shipping shipping services!

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What are the latest Supply chain updates for AprilMay 2023

What are the latest Supply chain updates for April/May 2023?

In the ever-evolving and dynamic world of supply chain management,  staying ahead of the curve becomes not just advantageous, but crucial for businesses to thrive and excel. As we delve into the months of April and May 2023, a plethora of both challenges and opportunities have emerged, presenting intricate issues for supply chain professionals to navigate. In this article, we aim to provide an insightful and comprehensive analysis of these multifaceted issues, and enthusiasts alike with invaluable knowledge to optimize their supply chain strategies.

Within this context, Siam Shipping emerges as the unparalleled logistics partner, poised to guide and support businesses in their pursuit of excellence. Siam Shipping distinguishes itself by offering an extensive range of services tailored to the ever-changing landscape of supply chain management. With our unwavering commitment to staying at the forefront of the industry, we proactively equip clients with the latest developments, ensuring that they remain well-informed and prepared to face the challenges that lie ahead, Siam Shipping stands as the go-to company, providing bespoke solutions for all your intricate logistical needs.

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Maritime Industry trends what are the experts predictions for 2023

Maritime Industry trends: what are the experts predictions for 2023?

The maritime industry is a vital component of global trade, with over 90% of world trade being carried by ships. As the industry continues to evolve and adapt to changing global circumstances such as the Covid-19 pandemic or global inflation in 2022, industry experts are constantly monitoring trends and predicting the future of the industry. In this article, we will explore the top trends that maritime industry experts predict for the year 2023.

Whether you are a shipping industry professional, a business owner, or simply interested in the world of maritime trade, this article will provide valuable insights into what the future trend holds for this critical industry. You will also be able to discover Siam Shipping's sea freight service

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6 logistics trends

Six logistics and supply chain trends to watch for in 2023

Global supply chains continue to be impacted by challenges associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, including delays and disruptions. Many CEOs today see supply chain disruptions as the biggest threat to their company's growth and their country's economy. Companies must redesign and manage their supply chains to ensure business continuity and future growth. The geopolitical environment has a big impact on the global supply chain. Geopolitical issues, particularly those related to technology, have existed for a long time. Semiconductors, which primarily originate in China, are the major technology that has been at the center of this controversy. The problem is a result of the sanctions the US has placed on the industry. Not just in the US, but all throughout the world, these moves have made it more difficult to make electronic items.

Supply networks can occasionally be opaque due to geopolitical concerns as well. Even within the same supply chain, this is the case between stakeholders. The many bottlenecks that can develop in the supply chain itself are therefore far more difficult to pinpoint.
We will highlight major developments that will have an impact on supply chain planning across industries and regions in this article, as well as important methods that firms may use to determine their readiness to improve efficiency and cost-benefit ratios.

Looking at research and analysis combining economic, demographic, and industry insight, six significant trends have emerged for 2023.

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What is logistics [Bible of logistics]

What is logistics ? [bible of logistics]

In today's dynamic business environment, logistics and supply chain management play pivotal roles, driving progress and shaping industries worldwide. The intricate dance of moving goods, managing inventory, and optimizing transportation routes forms the very heartbeat of successful businesses. Understanding the intricacies of logistics is not just important; it's fundamental for professionals in this field, ensuring efficient operations and satisfied customers.

SIAM Shipping stands as your dedicated partner, offering expertise that transcends the ordinary. We provide a 360-degree view of logistics, unraveling its complexities and offering tailored solutions. From navigating supply chain intricacies to optimizing warehouse operations, our team is here to guide you. Whether you're delving into the logistics landscape for the first time or seeking advanced strategies, trust us to be your beacon. Join us in this journey, where logistics expertise meets unparalleled passion, ensuring your success in every shipment, every mile, and every operation.

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International transport of dangerous goods and regulations

🌍International transport of dangerous goods and regulations🚨

Transporting dangerous goods is a highly regulated and potentially hazardous activity that involves moving goods that have the potential to harm people, property, or the environment. Due to the risks associated with the transportation of dangerous goods, there are strict regulations and guidelines that must be followed to ensure the safety of everyone involved in the process. In this paper, we will provide a comprehensive introduction to the transport of dangerous goods, covering the relevant regulations and the different modes of transportation. Whether you are involved in the transportation industry or simply curious about this topic, this paper will provide you with the knowledge you need to understand the complexities of transporting dangerous goods safely and legally.

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Internship story – Martin Delannoy


I would like to start by thanking the entire INSEEC group teaching team and the professional staff responsible for the BBA INSEEC training for having provided the theoretical part and a solid teaching allowing the good execution and adaptation during this internship in a company.

I would also like to thank Mr. Lelievre, CEO of SIAM SHIPPING for his welcome and acceptance of my application as an intern with his company, for the help and advice and support he provided every day during the period. I would particularly like to thank and express my gratitude to the following people for the enriching and interesting experience they gave me during these three months at Siam Shipping.

Mr Rahme, Marketing manager for his welcome and the trust he has shown me since my arrival in the company, for his friendliness and his real desire to share his knowledge, his support, and his professionalism.

Mr Jean, Business Developer China sector at Siam Shipping, my tutor, for having quickly integrated me into the company and for having given me all his confidence for the time he devoted to me throughout this period, knowing how to answer all my questions without forgetting his participation in the progress of this report.



My internship at Siam Shipping became obvious when I was looking for an internship in some company. This company, which offers many services related to the subcontracting of its clients import and export projects, was totally in line with my current and future ambitions.

Having two websites based on the same scheme in textiles and accessories, I wanted imperatively to improve and deepen my knowledge in the management of flows, in the control of this sector of activity, customer relations, relations with large forwarding agents, and especially to create a professional network in connection with my current activity.

Moreover, attracted by the Asian countries in which I made many trips during these last years, Siam Shipping, based in Bangkok thus appeared as an evidence and as a motivation in the execution of my internship abroad. In terms of professional experience, after obtaining the telephone appointment, my motivation increased because of the company’s operating plan.

Siam Shipping is a company which goes against the current principles of the functioning of the companies, it is not a Corporate company. The trainee as well as the managers have great freedoms which are similar to those of the Digital Nomad, which is a new and current working method which corresponds to my future ambitions. The management of working time, the management of clients according to time zones, the management of the workload is thus totally controlled by the trainee and the employee while making sure to provide a rigorous and professional work.

The excitement was how, after getting many student jobs based on a corporate model, would be my adaptation after a long positive apprehension
Within this internship report, the company will first be presented in order to understand the missions that have been entrusted to me during this period.

We will end by analyzing globally and from a strictly personal point of view my vision of the world of work in Thailand, and my personal experience.



Known for its famous islands, and its tourism without moderation, Thailand is a country which enjoys a certain notoriety today. With an estimated population of 65 million. Thailand is ASEAN’s 2nd largest economy. The wealth of the economy derives its resources from tourism but also from agricultural products such as the wide variety of tropical fruits available on the soil, and industrial products such as textiles for example. Known for its famous islands, and its tourism without moderation, Thailand is a country which enjoys today a strong economic growth which continues to increase year after year.



The Thailand has overall infrastructures of quality compared to à its neighbors (Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Vietnam, India…). Road transport remains most used in Thailand (depending on the sources, the share of road transport oscillates between 80% and 92% of the tonnage of goods
carry in Thailand).

This situation can be explained by several factors:

A road reseau much more developed than a rail network (159,000 km of road against less than 5,000 km of rail). A larger flexibility both in driving time and in fixed and variable charges Road freight is the mode of transport which is favored by the Thai government which seeks to develop the road.


The two main ports for sea freight are Laem Chabang and Bangkok. Laem Chabang are at 22th world rank in container traffic. The second port located in the south of Bangkok know less affluence with around 22% of the port traffic against 65% for Laem Chabang (sources Wikipedia). Many products from China and Vietnam transit through Thailand, including in some cases to be partially converted, before to be ship to Europe or United States.

In addition, Thailand has 35 commercial airport, Suvarnabhumi Bangkok concentrates the bulk of freight traffic (domestic and especially international) since its opening in 2006. The latter has strengthening air sector of the capital with a freight capacity of around 3 million tons per year ( for comparison, the main port of Laem Chabang saw 47 million tons transiting – 31.2 in export against 15.8 in import – in 2012). It is in this dynamic country full of opportunity that the CEO, MR Lelievre, decided in 2008 to create his own multi-service import-export company. Settled for 6 years in Thailand, he decides to put forward his skills acquired in import-export asian employee, taking advantage of the incredible dynamics of Thailand and its international exchanges.

Accompanied in this project by its 3 collaborators with very precise missions such as, the management of the company by the Web site and the commercial and administrative
management. (Wikipedia source for 1.2.3.) After these 3 years, that is to say since my arrival, we distinguish a company with solid bases in full growth in its sector of activity thanks to its extension and its adaptation with its customers, but especially by a good strategy of implantation.



SIAM SHIPPING is a forwarding agent that operates through 4 major areas of strategic activity to meet all types of customers, but also all types of needs.


Siam shipping offers to manage commercial projects in B to B which represents approximately
60% of their customer portfolio. It is with a follow-up customer, and a professionalism that the company manages to develop its customer loyalty.



SIAM SHIPPING offers to manage the commercial projects of clients who have non-commercial projects, such as the import of various products from China or Thailand to France. It is with a follow-up and an assistance from the beginning to the end that each project that we accompany the customer in his step by proposing a 100% assumption of responsibility. Siam Shipping adapts to customer needs.


This branch was under the name of Siam-Relocation. It specialises in removals and provides a service of the same quality as that of its competitors. On the other hand, its competitive advantage is based on the price of its service. Indeed, Siam Shipping does not have to support important loads like those of these competitors: marketing, structure…


Each commercial project or move requires additional services specific to logistics. Among these services we find a necessary packing service for all types of commercial projects and removals, customs clearance, and a storage service.

All these services allow SIAM SHIPPING to offer an optimal service able to answer all the problems. Although the company is able to offer its international shipping services for requests up to several tons and several containers, the majority of its customers rely on small requests often less than a ton. This is due to the fact that the logistics market is very hierarchical.



Indeed, the largest companies holding their own containers and mastering all stages of shipments, from the recovery of the goods to their delivery to the customer, refuse small contracts, usually under a ton. Large companies favor profitability by customers offering large quantities attracted by the prices offered by large companies, the cheapest on the market.


Small forwarding structures such as SIAM SHIPPING deal with small volume shipments, often operated by private individuals or small companies who do not have the strength or even the knowledge to impose themselves via large companies, often in search of a tailor-made service and a customer service attentive to their needs, able to accompany them in all stages of transport.


Companies such as La Poste or FedEx & DHL are responsible for sending low-capacity parcels. These services are highly appreciated by clients because of the ease of care and procedures. However its use is limited in the framework of commercial exchanges and leaves the place to the specialized forwarders able to manage shipments with capacities and a mass of more than 100 kilograms.


Siam Shipping offers are not only limited to transport, they also have additional services very appreciated by customers. Operational and commercial follow-up are in particular assets. In effects, whatever the type of transport, goods, perishable goods, personal effects or vehicles, Siam Shipping remains in permanent contact until the final delivery. A thorough knowledge of international customs institutions enables them to respect their commitments to customers

List of services Siam Shipping provides:
  • Air Freight
  • Customs clearance
  • International Moving
  • Sea freight- Packaging service
  • Door to door service
  • Multi modal
  • Express transport

One of the keys to Siam Shipping’s success is its multilingual team: French, English, German and of course Thai. In a rapidly changing global market, communicating in your native language is very much appreciated. Siam Shipping has a varied clientele, mainly SMEs, but also multinationals, NGOs and of course individuals. For each customer, the goal is to satisfy him in order to build his loyalty. Customer success is the company’s obsession.


The 02.01.18, is held the first meeting within the team SIAM SHIPPING, it is in a pleasant and sympathetic atmosphere that are presented the various objectives and the various missions in connection with the duration of the training course. The goal is to give me total autonomy so that I can work fluidly and become confident with the work and logistics in general. Then, the objective was to go directly to the meeting of the customers on the Thai ground, to analyze the customers’ needs within the SIAM SHIPPING offices, or to find new customers by concentrating on new customer targets, that of the NGOs for example, having an activity on the ground of China, or on the Thai ground, or to conquer new professional partners in order to open up to new markets.


In the commercial service my missions are to treat the requests of the customers received via the internal sites SIAM SHIPPING specialized in the sending from Thailand and SINO SHIPPING from or to China, or for SIAM RELOCATION, specialized for the moving between Europe and Asia.


In order to manage a move as well as possible, my role is to analyze all the elements so that the operation is carried out without encumbers. Logistics being a highly technical environment, as a Business Developer it is important to have had prior training or professional experience in this environment, in order to give a professional service by offering an optimal service for the customer.


Contact by email or telephone, with the aim of:

  • Check the volume and weight of personal effects This step is decisive since it allows to know the capacity of the personal effects at the time of the
    removals. This makes it possible to determine an initial estimate of the total price of the shipment for the customer, but above all it makes it possible to determine which shipping method we will advise the customer.
  • Verification that the mode of transport chosen is consistent with your personal effects. During a move, once we have determined the weight and volume, we can now inform ourselves about the constraints imposed by the customer. These constraints are often translated in terms of time and cost. This is why we have to adapt our offer in order to offer an optimal service to the customer, which meets his needs.
  • Analysis of needs concerning ancillary services When moving, it is important to ask about the nature of the goods. Indeed, we must know the fragility of the goods transported, and therefore offer a packing service for the goods in order to ensure safe transport.
  • Verification of the conditions of access to your home, departure and arrival
  • Verification of parking authorizations for a truck and/or a container, mandatory for the day of loading and unloading
  • Documentary verification, in order to provide all necessary documents to the competent customs authorities
  • Checks concerning the tax exemption conditions

Once all these steps are established, we can propose an estimate to the customer.


Once the requests for estimate received by email, transmitted by Mr. Jean, it is then that my role intervenes. It is important to get to know the needs and get as much information as possible about the business project. This makes it possible to offer an optimized service by reducing the costs and risks associated with unforeseen events.


  • Volume and weight: Volume is weight to determine which is the best solution for the customer’s commercial project, in the case of a large volume, we prefer sea freight, in the case of a small volume, we offer a subcontracted service with our partners Fedex or DHL, or by air freight.
  • Port of destination and port of arrival: It is important to know this information from the first contact with the customer, although this information is logical regarding the handling of goods, we can sometimes propose alternative seaports depending on the precise place of delivery of goods.
  • The nature of the goods (HS CODE) In order to know if the commercial project is possible, or not, according to the legislation specific to each country.
  • The service requested according to the incoterm: Every commercial project is different, and every client requires a tailor-made service. This is why the Incoterm will be the indicator that will determine the quantity of our services and the takeover of the goods. Depending on the project, we can offer 100% takeover, i.e. we take over the goods from the supplier’s warehouse to the customer’s address abroad. We can also offer a service with a service only from the port of departure to the port of arrival, the solutions are multiple and varied.

The contact of our customers is usually made, for those coming from Europe or China, by email, after analysis of needs and sending quotes, if the customer is interested in our offer we proceed to a contact by phone in order to conclude the transaction. Within the framework of our customers based in Thailand, more precisely in Bangkok, we
privilege a direct contact with our customers in our offices, this makes it possible to establish a climate of confidence from the first meeting and to conclude more easily. During my internship there were many meetings with our clients in Bangkok and its surroundings, without the help of our staff, it really puts us in the shoes of a business developer thanks to the responsibilities we carry. Indeed, we have no choice, we must succeed in signing the advantage of the appointments with our clients at the offices, allows us to analyze our knowledge in contact situation, we go from student employee. The feeling of feeling in a different situation is appreciable.



My internship at SIAM SHIPPING was very formative and allowed me to mature professionally.


Alongside Nicolas Rahme, I was able to develop my knowledge regarding marketing in shipping industry. The work in web marketing is determining in the creation of a company, indeed, it is very important when developing a service on Internet to have an important presence, and to know the elements determining to a good referencing.

As mentioned earlier in my internship report, the main elements were taught to us and we had the opportunity to handle the activity in full autonomy. Indeed, managing a specialized activity allows to develop an ease in its understanding and in its implementation. Within the framework of my personal projects, this web marketing part acquired during my internship has given me confidence in the development of my future projects.


The commercial strategy mentioned above allows us to highlight our personal skills. Especially during appointments with our clients, we can put to good use our acquired skills that we learned during our studies, so we put forward our linguistic skills with a mastery of English that must be perfect, and our commercial skills that translate into a good presentation of services, a professional attitude and a mastery of techniques and the logistics sector.

More precisely, it is a gain of personal confidence which was acquired since the lived situations
allow me to be more at ease concerning the apprehension of the professional appointments and
their management. It is also an acquired confidence concerning the management of removals but also international transport for private individuals or professionals thanks to many difficulties and many points which were solved by my Master of Training Courses, which is very formative and makes it possible to learn from its errors.


My experience in web marketing has not allowed me to feel or analyzed a need for development or improvement regarding the work already done, since the website is very well referenced in search engines, which is an indicator regarding the quality of work. However, concerning my experience in the sales department, many elements appeared to me as
essential to the development of the company, in particular in the research of the optimization of the customer service:

– How to convert a maximum potential customer. So I decided to optimize the visual of the estimates, so that the customer sees a real company with a careful design, which indicates, in the unconscious, a qualified and good quality service. The visual aspect, makes it possible to bring a good image of the company: Here on the left the estimate before modification, and on the left the estimate after. Regarding changes in the customer contact process and the retargeting process, there are many ideas I have that can improve customer service.

– Contacting the client

The customer contact is essential and allows to create links with his interlocutor, indeed, the exchanges by email does not release any emotions, the emotions are only verbal and have negligible impact on the final decision which is to buy, or not to buy our services. My optimization proposal consists of systematically contacting the potential customer as soon as he requests a quote via the website using the telephone number required at the time of the request. Calling the customer allows to create a link through a real contact, so the chances to convert the potential customer into customer is maximized. The information between the two interlocutors is transmitted orally, and the use of a comprehensive and professional language ultimately increases turnover and customer satisfaction.

–  Keep in touch with the client

This is another strategy that seems to me essential when you have a website, and you offer a service to an audience. Thanks to the many requests via the website this allows to keep a database with many websites. Currently having 2 websites, I used to use these email addresses for commercial purposes, by regularly sending advertising. My optimization proposal is based on the same method, which consists in sending advertising regularly to all our clients, whether they have already signed contracts with our services or not. This allows to put in customers’ heads, through regular email sequences, that if they find the need to call a forwarder, SIAM SHIPPING or SINO SHIPPING can understand their needs.

– What elements should be included in the email?

In my opinion, the retargeting email should feature a relatively beautiful woman, the customers in import and export being mostly men, who uses a friendly vocabulary in order to offer discounts or important announcements to her customers. Using beauty can allow male customers to unconsciously direct themselves to our services, and
friendly language can allow it to create an almost friendly relationship in email exchange. Here is my proposal made to SIAM SHIPPING regarding the design of emails and the type of conversation to have with customers



The hierarchy in Thailand is much more marked than in France, but the relationship with its employees is different. In Thailand, communicating with one’s direct superior is equivalent for a Thai to communicating with one’s CEO for a European, especially in terms of respect. The authority and control that a superior has over his employees is not acquired and maintained in the same way.

The hierarchical superior when he is Western is very often recognized for his expertise and his  professionalism, but also for his capacity to make good decisions, his authority is acquired and regulated thanks to rules. In Thailand, the leader will be appreciated only if he shows that he knows how to be interested and understand his collaborators, it is with the relations that he will know how to build with each one that his authority will become legitimate.


The atmosphere within the companies in Thailand is characterized by an extreme respect and politeness, in connection with the values of the inhabitants in the everyday life. Arrogance or having direct words are defects that show a lack of control and a disrespect much less tolerated than in the West are defects much less tolerated than in the West.

The form during a discussion is important but it is the substance of the communication varies enormously: your Thai collaborator will never disagree with your complaints. The smile is extremely used within the framework of an answer by the Thai collaborators but a smile or even a yes is not necessarily worth acceptance or understanding. As a manager, you often have to make sure that requests are understood, and do not hesitate to explain and re-explain with patience, even if your colleagues do not ask questions to make sure you understand whatever happens.


Thanks to my network, I was able to clarify this point which seems interesting in a country where trade unions are almost non-existent, how it settles conflicts internally in their company, whereas in France we are protected by rights and where conflicts often have institutionalized solutions. In Thailand, if you want to keep good relations with your employees and stay in a good working atmosphere, it is important to know some rules to best adapt to the culture. To settle your conflicts internally with your colleagues, it is preferable not to involve other people in this conflict and to settle it only in the presence of the person concerned, it is necessary to remain calm and patient because in Thailand, to lose one’s composure is often a sign of weakness and a lack of control of oneself.



It is often the fruit of our culture, the French and even the Europeans: we do not develop enough friendly and personal relations with our colleagues, because it is important to distinguish our different types of relations: personal and professional. But in Thailand, co-workers can also be very good friends very easily. Thai people, unlike the French, attach immense importance to the quality of professional relations in the workplace. The motivation lies in the establishment of strong and almost friendly links between the hierarchy and the other employees, and less in the promises of promotions at the professional career level. This is explained by the fact that Thai people prefer harmony in the workplace because colleagues are almost full members of their families.

Regarding loyalty to their company, Thai employees will not hesitate to change employers in the event of disagreement, in terms of labor relations, working methods or pressure. The unemployment rate being very low, and the family ties are very strong, the Thai employee will have no problem during his job search period because he has several supports. This observation was made thanks to numerous questions put to my expats and Thai friends but
also stems from my own feelings and a personal opinion.


My internship at Siam Shipping was a very enriching experience in terms of cultural and professional learning. It was with great satisfaction that I was able to deepen my knowledge in the logistics field while working without constraints of time and schedule.
This working model requires autonomy and responsibility towards its important commitments and allows to offer great freedoms without losing in effectiveness.
From a personal point of view, it is an increase in self-confidence that has taken root with regard to the professional environment, the maintenance of relationships, the setting to work, but above all a comforting in my idea and professional project. Indeed, my internship in Bangkok allowed me to meet many locals, but also to create me a real network of entrepreneurs who today allowed me and support me in the development of my project, result of much reflection during my internship period, this is why my third year will be in university in Bangkok. The project that we will set up will be an online textile sales platform allowing many designers to show case their collections on the European market. The clothing having a very low cost of production in Thailand and being of quality, consumers will be able to buy many articles while having a social approach: paid small creator, with the satisfaction of a unique clothing. We planned to finance local associations with a share of the monthly profit so that our action would have a real social and responsible approach.

These 3 months in Bangkok were very interesting, with a culture shock and a demand to adapt to these significant changes. The confrontation with a foreign environment with the usual comfort and a work model totally different from my previous professional experiences in France was a beneficial confrontation and opened opportunities and brought me to maturity.


SIAM Shipping | Procurement - Quality control - Logistics


Alibaba, Dhgate, made-in-china... Many know of websites to get supplies in Asia, but how many have come across a scam ?! It is very risky to pay an Asian supplier halfway around the world based only on promises! DocShipper offers you complete procurement services integrating logistics needs: purchasing, quality control, customization, licensing, transport...

Communication is important, which is why we strive to discuss in the most suitable way for you!

cross border thailand

Development of the cross border from / to Thailand

Border Trade: A Future Direction or the Thai Economy in ASEAN

The near future, it seems certain that Thailand will 11 become a hub for land-based trade in Southeast Asia and a gateway for the movement of goods through the region, because of its strategic location at the heart of the ASEAN Economic Community. As a result, the country will enjoy an increase in the value of cross-border trade transactions as well as more tourist arrivals, consequently boosting the Thai economy.

Exchanges in ASEAN

This optimistic forecast is based on my belief that land transport through Customs checkpoints along Thailand’s borders will overtake marine transport as the main channel for regional trade because trucks and trains take less time.

**In order to optimize our services, Siam Shipping and Siam Relocation are now part of the Docshipper group. Our customers can now benefit from total supply chain coverage**

Docshipper Remark : Moreover, the ronde of trade will evolve from simple border trade to exports and imports across borders as well as transit trade that passes through one or several countries on road to its destination.

These are not new claims and I do believe that business operators and the private sectors generally may be skeptical about the preparedness of Thailand’s government agencies to cope with this major and complex trend in order to take full advantage of it.

In making the forecasts, I am taking into account the context and environment of regional collaboration; the direction in which our neighboring countries and other ASEAN nations are developing; investment flows from the world’s biggest economies to Thailand and other ASEAN Member States; and the preparation of Thailand’s public sectors in terms of infrastructure, amendments of laws and regulations to facilitate the business, and simplification of working procedures for the ease of doing business.

Docshipper Info : Furthermore, the government’s policy of pushing ahead with plans to establish special economic zones in the border provinces of Tak, Mukdahan, Sa Kaew, Trat, Songkhla, Chiang Rai, Nong Khai, Nakhon Phanom, Kanchanaburi and Narathicoateill also help to escalate the value of border, cross-border and transit trades.

Significantly, the value of Thailand’s border trade has continued to increase (see the Tables below), despite of a slowdown in the global economy brought about by the economic downturn in China and a consequent weakening of the Japanese economy. Trade and investment in Thailand and other ASEAN Member States continue to expand. Before elaborating on the preparations already made by the public sectors for this transformation in regional trade, I will lay out some background.

Docshipper Info : The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) had five founding Member States: Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand, with an objective of promoting political economics and social collaboration. The Association later gained other five Member States: Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia, to make the present total of 10 members.

In 2003, ASEAN Concord II named the ‘three pillars’ that, when created, would cement the association of the 10 nations: the ASEAN Security Community (ASC); the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC); and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC). In 2006, the ASEAN Economic Ministers agreed to speed up establishment of the AEC to implementation by the end of 2015.


The Physical AEC and Future Economic Trends

At the end of 2014, the population of the 10 ASEAN Member States that were a year away from becoming the AEC was about 637 million. In descending order of numbers, this comprised Indonesia, about 254 million; the Philippines, 108 million; Vietnam, 93million; Thailand, 68million; Myanmar, 56million; Malaysia, 30 million; Cambodia, 15 million; Laos, 7 million; Singapore, 6 million; and Brunei, 400,000. It seems likely that in the future the economic integration of the 10 ASEAN Member States will be extended to include China, South Korea and Japan, a grouping that is currently known as ASEAN+3. This will entail a quantum leap in market size.

Docshipper Info : Furthermore, future negotiations may bring Australia, New Zealand and India into an enlarged economic community, currently known as ASEAN+6.

This would create a trading bloc with a population well in excess of three billion. Bilateral and multilateral free-trade pacts have been a major feature of increasing levels of economic integration within the geographic region encompassing the ASEAN+6 grouping.

These trends have stolen the limelight from the development of regional transport networks and economic-development zones along three major ‘economic corridors’, which include:

  • The East-West Economic Corridor, which stretches 1,500 km from Myanmar through Thailand and Laos to Vietnam (Mawlamyine to Myawaddy in Myanmar; Mae Sot to Phitsanulok, Khon Kaen, Kalasin and Mukdahan in Thailand; Savannakhet in Laos to long Ha and Danang in Vietnam).
  • The North-South Economic Corridor, which spans 1,280 km from China to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam over several routes (from Kunming to Jinghong and Daluo, in China; Kengtung to Tachileik in Myanmar; and from Mae Sai to Bangkok in Thailand. Alternatively, from Kunming to Jinghong in China; Boten to Louang Namtha and Houayxay in Laos; and from Chiang Khong to Bangkok in Thailand. The third route extends from Kunming in China to Hanoi and the port city of Haiphong in northern Vietnam.
  • The Southern Economic Corridor, which connects Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam by three routes: Bangkok to Aranyaprathet

Poipet and Phnom Penh in Cambodia and Ho Chi Minh City to Vung Tauin Vietnam – a distance of 1,005 km: Bangkok to Trat in Thailand, Koh Kong to Ste Ambel and Karnpot in Cambodia, Thence to Ha Tien, Ca Mau and Nam Can in Vietnam – a distance of 907 km; and from Bangkok in Thailand through Siem Reap, Stung Treng and Oyadav, in Carnbodia’s Ratanakiri province to Pleiku and Guy Nhon in Vietnam – a distance of 1,150 km. Many related transport and other agreements have been signed and sealed in preparation for exponential growth in land-based trade.

These include the following bilateral pacts:

  • Thai-Laos Road Transport Agreement:
  • Memorandum of Understanding between Thailand and Malaysia Regarding the Movement in Transit of Perishable Goods by Road from Thailand through Malaysia to Singapore:
  • Agreements on the Facilitation of Goods and Passenger Transport at the Lao Bao-Dansavan h Border Checkpoint between Vietnam and Laos, and that between Savannakhet in Laos and Mukdahan in Thailand;
  • Initial Implementation of a Cross-Border Transport Agreement for the Aranyaprathet-Poipet Checkpoint between Thailand and Cambodia; and
  • Initial Implementation of a Cross-border Agreement between Thailand and Myanrnar for the Mae Sot-Myawaddy and Mae Sai-Tachileik Checkpoints. Multilateral agreements have already been signed regarding recognition of domestic driving licences issued by ASEAN Member States and recognition of commercial vehicle inspection certificates. Further transport agreements that will be enforced in the future include the ASEAN Framework on the Facilitation of Cross-Border Goods Transport, the Greater Mekong Subregion Cross-Border Transport Agreement and the Protocol on Inspection and Quarantine Requirements for Imports and Exports of Fruits between Thailand and China through Third Countries.

All of these developments are creating a momentum that is reflected in recent figures for the value of Thailand’s border trade:

Value of Cross-Border Goods Imports Border

BORDER 2013 2014 2015 TOTAL
Thailand-Myanmar 117,512,66 121,702,16 102,406,02 321,620,84
Thailand-Cambodia 10,135,86 18,233,50 17,348,16 45,717,52
Thailand- Laos 23,536,06 27,145,62 32,964,15 83,645,83
Thailand- Malaysia 144,761,38 148,123.19 120,547.63 413,432.20
TOTAL 295,295.95 315,204.47 273,265.96 884,416.39

Value of Cross-Border Goods Exports

BORDER 2013 2014 2015 TOTAL
Thailand-Myanmar 79,429.56 93,964.59 82,268.23 255,662.38
Thailand-Cambodia 84,395.33 96,715.51 86,087.87 267,198.71
Thailand- Laos 108,639.88 124,233.72 106,221.34 339,094.95
Thailand- Malaysia 139,512.88 142,864.78 111,263.14 393,640.80
TOTAL 411,977.66 457,778.60 385,840.59 1,255,596.85

Docshipper Note : As the pace has risen, every involving government agencies has developed and adjusted their work.

The Customs Department, the main tasks of which are to facilitate and control cross-border trade, protect society and environment, collect tax revenues as well as investigate and suppress illegal Customs-related activities, has issued numerous measures to support border, cross-border and transit trades. These measures also implement under the ASEAN Economic Cornmunity, e.g. the elimination of tariff and non-tariff barriers, amendments of rules of origin, revision/update of regulations/working procedures, etc.

The Department’s trade facilitation measures that will help to out transaction costs of doing business include:

  • Provide advance rulings on Customs valuation, classification and rules of origin;
  • Introduce the Customs Automation System, including the National Single Window, ASEAN Single Window and Tracking Systems;
  • Introduce CCTV system and other technologies for Customs control purposes
  • Introduce X-ray Inspection System for cargo inspection;
  • Establish Customs checkpoints and prototype checkpoints to promote border trade by separating areas for cargo and people inspection; and
  • Introduce information and communication technologies to the Department’s general administrative work and Customs services, Other measures to facilitate trade and promote international trade include the provision of post clearance audit. In addition the Customs Act was also amended, in line with the Cross-Border Transport Facilitation Act B.E.2556, to allow Customs to work in Common Control Areas, or those areas where joint Customs operations involve officials from bordering countries.

As a result, Thai Customs officials will be able to work with Customs officials from neighboring countries in Common Control Areas, enabling “single stop inspections” and cargo clearances. The Mukdahan-Savannakhet checkpoint, the border of Thailand and Laos, will be the first area to implement the Common Control Area concept, following the creation of the Common Control Area at the Lao Bao-Dansavanh checkpoint, the border of Vietnam and Laos.

Docshipper Remark : To prepare infrastructure and Customs checkpoints, the Customs Department set up a working group to study the evolution of border trade, develop and redesign certain Customs Houses to launch Common Control Area related pilot projects, taking into account the enhancement of border trade and the creation of Special Economic Zones.

In this connection, eight Customs Houses under the said pilot projects are located in Aranyaprathet, Klong Yai, Mukdahan, Mae Sot, Sadao, Padang Besar, Chiang Khong and Nong Khai, with four key elements:

  1. Provide designated areas for cargo clearance, which are separated from immigration procedures and equipped with Information and Communication Technology.
  2. Provide “One-Stop Services”(OSS), following the international standard; automation systems , for example, the National Single Window which allows the interface with relevant agencies to exchange information e.g. licenses, certificates, etc. and public service manuals with diagrams detailing working processes, types of documents, and expected service times.
  3. Apply cross-border trade-facilitation and promotion measures e.g. incentives under Customs and other related laws, advisory and consultancy services on the Customs related activities.
  4. Conduct, and coordinate-Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities within their communities.

The Customs Department is also planned to renovate Customs Houses and border checkpoints, construct new office buildings, including working facilities for Customs officials to enhance the efficiency of existing services for business operators and people in general.

Docshipper Info : The infrastructure and Customs House projects under the 1st phase of the Special Economic Zones include the construction of the second Customs Houses at the Mae Sot and Aranyaprathet checkpoints, new Customs House in Sadao, and the renovation of the Padang Besar Customs Houses and the construction of a cargo inspection yard and building facilities at the Mae Sot Customs House.

In addition, new Customs/Immigration Quarantine facilities are planned to be established at the Klong Luk border checkpoint, an office building will be constructed at the Klong Yai border checkpoint, and extra facilities at the Mukdahan Customs House. The infrastructure and Customs-facilities projects under 2stphase of the Special Economic Zones include the construction of a Customs House and cargo inspection yard in Nong Khai, along with the development of the Nong Khai border checkpoint.

New Customs Houses, in some cases with associated facilities, will be built in Chiang Khong, Nakhon Phanom, Chiang San, the Ban Pu Nam Ron permanent checkpoint in Kanchanaburi province, and the Chiang Khong Customs House. Furthermore, opening and closing times of border crossings have been extended to match those of permanent border checkpoints to facilitate the movement of both cargo and travel.

Docshipper Remark : Hence, a major effort is under way to not only provide the infrastructure for increased land-based trade, but also to enable trading across the entire region faster and more convenient.

The international commitment to this massive integration is attracting increasing flows of investment from the world’s biggest economies into Thailand and other ASEAN Member States. It is difficult, in the light of all these factors, to be anything but optimistic for the future.

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