internship story Zamparo

Internship story – Andrea Zamparo

Above all, I wanted to thankMy parents who are the first persons who believed in me, without them none of my way could be possible.

Siam Shipping, all the team; NathanNicolas and Fadi; who offered me this wonderful opportunity to learn among them.

ECE-BBA INSEEC, to permitted me to accomplish this internship abroad for my education.

Alberto DEHAINAULT who gave me the contact to join him in this internship.



School year 2019



Logistics’ lessons abroad
– an internship report –

From January 1st, 2018 To March 30th, 2018 , Bangkok, THAILAND

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docshipper-freight forwarder

Freight forwarder in Koh Samui

Ko Samui is an island in the Gulf of Thailand located belonging to the province of Surat Thani.

Located about 25 km from the coast, it is the second largest island in Thailand, with an area of 228 km² and a population of 62 500 inhabitants in 2012. It enjoys many tourist natural resources: white sandy beaches, coconut palms and coral .

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Logistics development in Thailand

Measures to upgradeThailand’s logistics industry

In recent years, the Thai government has realized the importance of the enhancement of the capacity, competency and efficiency of the country’s logistics service providers, especially those offering transport and warehouse-management services. The objective is to boost the sector to develop ; to enable contribution to national economic growth by lowering production and delivery costs, as well as to enhance the country’s competitiveness.

With these objectives in mind, public and private agencies have shown interest in the development of logistics services that are related to various activities in a bid to support trade and the conduct of international business.

Multimodal transport operators (MTOs) have different tasks and responsibilities to those of international freight forwarders. The main duty of an MTO is to provide transportation of goods under a single contract but arrange with at least two different modes of transport. An international freight forwarder, on the other hand, might perform its duty as an agent or a principal, but it will run the activities separately. Although freight forwarders nowadays also provide door-to-door services, they may separate their transport into different modes, such as transport by sea or by land. Importantly, there is currently no law that supports their carrier status, especially where it comes to liability for damaged goods. When there is a problem, the civil and commercial codes on carriage of goods and the law on carriage of goods by sea shall be applied as appropriate.

MTOs are contractual carriers who are able to fulfil their role in multimodal transport, whether that involves transport by land, sea or air. MTOs have the status of carriers with laws to support their operations.

The government is considering allowing foreign investors to take a greater role in freight forwarding and MTO services, especially under the framework of the ASEAN Economic Community. As more players come forward, Thai operators -from shipping lines to freight forwarders – will have to adjust and develop their potential to cope with both the change and fiercer competition.

Opportunities for Thai MTOs in the international arena

Thai freight forwarders are capable of providing transport-management services and international supply-chain support to exporters and importers. However, there are still limitations on capital and expansion of their services.

International freight forwarders and MTO service providers need to develop the quality of their services in order to create a competitive advantage. Therefore, the following proposals should be considered as a matter of priority:

  • International freight forwarders and MTOs should develop an expertise in service provisioning that demonstrates superior service, punctuality and professionalism, in bid to gain the trust of their customers. Furthermore, they should be able to offer a complete range of transport services, and this variety should enable them to assist customers to deliver their goods on time, while saving them money. As well, they should provide consistent training for their staff, in bid to assure customer confidence from exporters, importers and other logistics users.
  • International freight forwarders and MTOs should develop wide-ranging networks, both domestic and international, through which they can coordinate transport services to best cater for the requirements of their customers. They should be able to offer end-to-end services that can add value to the transactions of both importers and exporters.
  • International freight forwarders and MTOs should have a substantial amount of working capital. Short- and long-term financial strength should be an operational standard, in order to build confidence among customers.
  • International freight forwarders and MTOs should become “one-stop service providers”, able to offer advice on import and export activities as well as providing other internationally-accepted information from easily-accessible databases. Their main activities should be grouped, such as customs procedures, transport. inventory management, data management and procurement, while supplementary activities such as cargo handling, packing, customer relationship management and so on, should be grouped separately.
  • International freight forwarders and MTOs should develop their technology capabilities, to align their services with those available internationally and to cater for the nature of their customers work. For example, tracking systems are not widely used by Thai enterprises, when compared to foreign firms, because of capital constraints and the need for such technologies to be mutually applied with distant operators. However, if Thai operators can develop advanced technologies on their home territory, this will help to improve customer satisfaction and enhance their competitiveness.
  • International freight forwarders and MTOs should provide educational programs to disseminate their knowledge to both customers and business partners. They should organize seminars on topics that are beneficial to their customers and their partners, and can help to strengthen the industry

Adjusting and developing Thailand’s logistics service providers will help to enhance the competitiveness of the country’s exporters, who face increasing foreign competition. Local operators must strive to improve their business conduct; to gain more efficiency and reduce their costs, while maintaining the highest service quality in order to satisfy the needs of their customers. Hence, logistics and supply-chain management has to become a primary strategy for building the capacity of Thai operators. Those operators who can best respond to the needs of their customers will be the winners in the coming market competition.

According to the guidelines for international trade, freight forwarders hold responsibility for delivering goods to destination countries. This is especially important for small firms that have to use consolidation services from freight forwarders in the case of less-than-a-container-load (LCL) consignments. But, as mentioned earlier, while the Multimodal Transport Act B.E. 2548 supports the status of MT0s, there is no law to clearly define the status of international freight forwarders. Due to this lack of legal status, freight forwarders receive no tax privileges and find difficulty in competing with other kinds of transporters. To help overcome this hurdle, the Thai International Freight Forwarders Association (TIFFA) has submitted a letter to the Ministry of Finance and the Revenue Department asking them to consider waiving the 7 per cent value-added tax on international freight forwarders’ services.

Thailand badly needs a law to clearly define the role of international freight forwarders in various capacities, such as agents or Non-Vessel Operating Common Carriers. Furthermore, the law should recognize the status of the Thai International Freight Forwarders Association and its role in supervising the ethics and service standards of international freight forwarders.

The Multimodal Transport Act applies to MTOs and shipping lines that provide international cargo services involving two or more modes of transport, obliging them to register their MTO licenses with the Merchant Marine Supervision Division of the Marine Department. The law has an objective to provide protection for shippers or transport service users.

Enforcement of the law should be improved to ensure that various parties strictly abide by its provisions. Exporters or shippers should be encouraged to familiarize themselves with the law, which exists to protect their interests.


SIAM Shipping | Procurement - Quality control - Logistics


Alibaba, Dhgate, made-in-china... Many know of websites to get supplies in Asia, but how many have come across a scam ?! It is very risky to pay an Asian supplier halfway around the world based only on promises! DocShipper offers you complete procurement services integrating logistics needs: purchasing, quality control, customization, licensing, transport...

Communication is important, which is why we strive to discuss in the most suitable way for you!

International freight forwarder in Phuket

Shipping from and to Phuket

All Inclusive Rates for shipping from and to Phuket

Our door-to-door rates include:

  • Land transport costs (considering the departure from warehouse/factory to the port/airport of origin and from the port/airport of arrival to the warehouse/factory)
  • Local handling and transport costs at ports of origin and destination
  • Shipping & Exchanges
  • Delivery of management and documentation
  • Customs duties, without taxes charged on the international purchase of your stock.

You are looking for logistics and/or sourcing services ? You need a dedicated assistance ?
Our experts will answer you within 24h !

Door to door incoterm

We work with incoterm DAP (delivered to the site) for our door-to-door service. There is delivery of goods at the point agreed by the customer. All costs and insurances associated with the main transportation are included in our door-to-door rates, while import costs are not included.

Sending FCL or LCL door to door

In sea freight, you can choose 2 ways to ship your products. Usually it depends of the volume of the shipment, but it also relies on others factors such fragility or timing. Those two options are simply the FCL which is the Full container (20 feet or 40 feet) and LCL which is a shared container.

Road freight from Phuket:

The choice of road freight (or trucking) with Docshipper represents a reliable alternative to sea and air. Indeed, although this mode of transport allows you to get longer, it offers real security to your merchandise at much more attractive prices.

We offer a trucking service on an international platform. We accompany you to any destination for any destination. We also offer parallel services such as packaging or customs formalities.

Whether it is a standard or door-to-door shipping, our platform-form stands out for its high level of security and modernity, which is perfectly combined with national or international logistics operations. We consider every need of our customers, and we adapt our process according to your project to find the best solution for you, your time and your budget.

The trucking service of Siam Expedition is distinguished by its quality. Thus, you can be certain that your merchandise will arrive intact and in time, at the best price.

Information on road freight

To ensure the best success and the best development of your company, a good organization of logistics is essential. At Docshipper, we are aware. That is why we use all our network and our know-how to offer you a complete range of services that will perfectly meet your requirements in terms of quality and cost.

Network management

Our supply management services are a range of services that help you manage and consolidate all your transportation needs (multimodal, road, maritime, air or rail), as well as the needs of your supply chain. Supply. Our offer enables you to obtain the creation, management and realization of your logistics, guaranteeing you a wider and more complex transport network.

Transportation management

For medium and large sized shipments, our supply chain solutions, we can establish a transportation management that will improve the performance of your business, with competitive freight rates. Thus, your logistics needs will become simpler, more efficient and more profitable. We use an automated tool to manage the online order price, contact with the various service providers and contract management, shipment visibility and management reports.

The full LTL (Less-than-Truckload)

Trucking Docshipper offers logistics at regional, national or international level. We also offer optional options such as insurance or urgent mention. Our offer is distinguished with its personalized services, its listening salespersons and your qualified employees.

Complete truck loading services

If you need an immediate quantity of goods or relocate your premises, we have a fleet of trucks that are dedicated to your company’s expectations. For more information, do not hesitate to contact us, we will return you in the highest delay.

What does our door-to-door service include?

Complete delivery

Our door-to-door service includes all the necessary steps to ship the cargo, from its origin to the destination:

  • The collection of goods from the consignor’s warehouse or from the address indicated by the consignor. On the other hand, the management of the cargo remains your responsibility.
  • Sea, air or land freight.
  • Import and export taxes, but VAT and other taxes are not included.
  • The delivery of the goods, once unloaded, to the destination that you indicated to us.

door to door services thailand

Domestic and transborder rail freight forwarder

We are a freight forwarder and we also offer our services in all Asia. We can provide intermodal freight for all companies throughout ASEAN, our core business. This will allow companies to reduce costs and this offers an alternative to road transport.

The intermodal rail is also a long-term transport solution, it can be a real door-to-door service solution. It is also a more economical means of transport for companies, which will respond more rapidly to the growing need of the consumer.

Safety is also more important in this type of transport. Indeed, intermodal rail transport greatly reduces the risk of delay and / or theft of merchandise in the cargo. It is also considered a more environmentally friendly means of transport since it requires less fuel.

Intermodal transportation

Intermodal transport is a means of transport of goods that uses at least 2 modes of transport (trucking, rail or boats) without handling the freight. Thanks to these different means of transport one allows oneself to have the best characteristics of each transport used, this also brings savings for the sender. This brings a real scalable capacity for shippers, so if you need a door-to-door service, contact us to know more about our intermodal solutions.

Customs regulations on international move from/to Phuket

Household goods & personal effects

Some products can be imported into Thailand without any tax for the foreigner who imports them, but these personal effects are subject to specific conditions. If the person importing the goods has diplomatic status, holds a valid one-year Thai work permit, his goods enter within six months of his arrival in Thailand. If the above conditions are verified, only one ship or air can be authorized, and the shipper can bring his domestic appliances only free of duty. The rule is similar if it is a Thai national who wants to return his property and personal effects to Thailand. He must, however, prove that he has resided for more than a year in a foreign country and on a continuous basis. It is only by air and sea that goods can circulate, and each of the electrical appliances is exempt from duty.


Anyone not complying with the above rules will have to pay fines. This is the case for all returning Thailand or foreigners who import household appliances and personal property in Thailand. The amount varies according to the objects and is negotiable with the customs service. Siam Relocation will do everything possible to limit the price of these tax obligations to the maximum.

The sender is not obliged to be present in person during customs clearance at the port or airport, but we must despite all present his original passport and a work permit, also original, one year to the Thai authorities During clearance. The shipper must therefore already be in Thailand for the dispatch to be cleared from the customs. A returning Thai national must present his old and current passport.

Prohibited & restricted goods

Some goods are prohibited at the time of entry into Thailand. This includes firearms, ammunition, pornographic material and short wave radios.

Vehicles and move

Foreign diplomats may import a vehicle into Thailand free of duty. Indeed, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Thailand must send a letter verifying its status and request that the Thailand Customs authorize the duty-free importation. For other foreigners and Thai nationals importing a vehicle is a very difficult thing in Thailand. The procedures are very complex and very long to import his vehicle. The right to evaluate can reach up to 300% of the purchase value of the vehicle.

Pets on international move

There are special regulations for domestic animals in Thailand. Dogs, cats and birds can be imported without a quarantine period. For this you will need a health certificate dated less than 7 days and a vaccination card in progress.

Pets can be sent as cargo and the fee will be around US $ 4000 per animal. Prices vary depending on the type and size of the animal. No fee is charged if the animals are brought in excess baggage.

Phuket is one of the southern provinces (Changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Phang Nga and Krabi, although Phuket is an island and its borders are not terrestrial. North of the island is Phuket International Airport.

Geography of Phuket

Phuket is the largest mainland province of Thailand located in the Andaman Sea, west of the Malay Peninsula. It is very mountainous, with a mountain range west side which aligned north to south. The mountains of southern Phuket extend 440 kilometers from the Kra Isthmus. The highest point of the mountain chain is the Khao Phra Phuket Mi, with an altitude of 1138 m; while the highest point on the island itself is Mai Tha Sip Song (Twelve Canes), at 529 m.s.n.m. About 70% of the island is covered with forests. The western coast has several sandy beaches, but the east coast is generally swampy. The southern end of the island is Laem Promthep, a place very appreciated to watch the sunsets.

The main tourist region of the island is the beach of Patong, which also concentrates most of the nightlife of Phuket, besides being the largest shopping center of the island. Other popular beaches are Karon, Kata and Nai Harn to Bang Tao.

The island was affected by the tsunami of December 26, 2004 that devastated much of the coasts of the Indian Ocean

Economy of Phuket

The exploitation of tin mines was an important source of income for the island since the sixteenth century. Many Chinese workers were employed in the mines, and their influence on Phuket culture can be felt even today. With the falling price of tin exploitation definitively ended. Currently, Phuket’s economy rests on two pillars: rubber plantations (Thailand is the world’s largest rubber Producer), and tourism. Since the 1980s Phuket is one of the major tourist attractions of Thailand. Most of the sandy beaches of the island were transformed into tourist centers, with Patong, Karon and Kata are the most popular.


History of Phuket

The most significant fact in the history of Phuket was the attack by the Burmese in 1785. It is said that Sir Francis Light, a captain of the East India Company, sent a message to the local administration, warning that he had observed that Burmese forces were preparing for an attack. Kunying Jan, the governor’s wife, who had recently died, and her sister Mook, organized the defense of the island. After a month of siege, the Burmese were removed, the March 13, 1785 and the two women became national heroines, receiving the King Rama I, the honorary names Thao Thep and Thao Sri Sunthon Kasatri.

During the reign of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), Phuket became the administrative center of tin production in the southern provinces. In 1933, the Monthon Phuket was dissolved and Phuket became a province.

The old names of the island include Ko Thalang and Junk Ceylan, an English Malay Tanjung Salang distortion (Cape Salang).

Religion in Phuket

Like most of Thailand, the vast majority of the population is Buddhist, but there is also a significant number of Muslims (17%).


SIAM Shipping | Procurement - Quality control - Logistics


Alibaba, Dhgate, made-in-china... Many know of websites to get supplies in Asia, but how many have come across a scam ?! It is very risky to pay an Asian supplier halfway around the world based only on promises! DocShipper offers you complete procurement services integrating logistics needs: purchasing, quality control, customization, licensing, transport...

Communication is important, which is why we strive to discuss in the most suitable way for you!

silk fabric textile thailand

Thai silk, Fabric and textiles in Bangkok

The sourcing of textiles is a serious business in Bangkok. This magical city in Thailand has become a huge wholesale market.

If you are one of thousands of contractor walking in the streets of Bangkok in search of wholesalers, then this article is for you. We receive many requests for advice sourcing clothes. Find products is one thing, transporting them is another.

Do not think it’s easy, and here are some basic tips:

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Airports in Thailand

Thai airport infrastructure

An increase of international passenger numbers, combined with a strong domestic traffic, led Thailand to accelerate its program of investment in airport infrastructure.
Thailand is facing a slower growing number of traveler in the last 20 months, due to the recent political events. The figures show that while domestic traffic rose 16.1%, the increase was offset by a 5.6% decrease in international passengers. Overall, the six airports run by Airports of Thailand (AOT) experienced an increase of 37.8% in passenger numbers (each year) and a 25% increase in number of flights.


The pressure is felt on many provincial airports that have launched major modernization programs. This program should greatly open up certain cities, increase tourism and air freight and reduce the crowds on the Bangkok airport.

Suvarnabhumi should increase its capacity as Don Meuang – second air hub of the capital – with the construction of a new terminal that will be ready in December 2016. The airport primarily serves low cost airline flights, and this increase in air freight relieve Suvarnabhumi.

To know more about Bangkok main airport, check their website : Suvarnabhumi Airport

Regional focus

While the two largest airports in Bangkok are the main focus of these investments, the government also target secondary airports in order to strengthen regional networks, with facilities in Chiang MaiPhuket, Hat Yai and Chiang Rai.
AOT also seeks to enlarge Mae Sot airport, on the Burmese border, in anticipation of expected growth through special economic zone in the region. The Department of Transportation has announced an investment plan of 298 million baht for the project, which includes the acquisition of additional land for the expansion of the airport, with completion expected in 2018.

Thai airways, official national airline company of Thailand.


SIAM Shipping | Procurement - Quality control - Logistics


Alibaba, Dhgate, made-in-china... Many know of websites to get supplies in Asia, but how many have come across a scam ?! It is very risky to pay an Asian supplier halfway around the world based only on promises! DocShipper offers you complete procurement services integrating logistics needs: purchasing, quality control, customization, licensing, transport...

Communication is important, which is why we strive to discuss in the most suitable way for you!

Ports in Thailand

Ports in Thailand

Thailand has a coastline of 3219 km with over 4,000 km of waterways. Major ports of Thailand :

  • Bangkok
  • Laem Chabang
  • Map Ta Phut
  • Rayong
  • Phuket
  • Songkhla
  • Sattahip
  • Si Racha

The development and management of all major ports in Thailand depend on the Port Authority of Thailand (PAT).

Port Authority of Thailand (PAT)

The Port Authority of Thailand (PAT) is a public company under the general supervision of the Ministry of Transport and Communications.

The main functions of PAT are:

  • The provision of services and facilities for ships and goods.
  • The conduct of dredging and maintenance of canals and ponds.
  • Supervise handling, movement, storage and delivery of goods
  • Co-operation and co-ordination with other government agencies and international ports.
  • The development of the organization to respond to economic changes

Current commercial ports

Klong Toey or Bangkok Port is the largest port in Thailand and can handle 1.5 million container / year. The depth of the Chao Phraya River basin is 8.5 meters.

Laem Chabang can handle about 6.9 million containers / year and the depth of the port is 12 meters. At present, four terminals are managed by private companies. Laem Chabang Port is Tungsukhla Sub-District, District Sriracha and Banglamung sub-district of the province of Chon Buri. The port covers an area of approximately 1026 hectares.

Regional ports

Below, the list of regional ports :

  • Chiang Saen Port, located along the Mekong River in Chiang Saen District, Chiang Rai Province, covers an area of about 1.2 hectares facing the Mekong River, opposite to the Democratic Republic of Laos and off the route 1290 (Rimkong road) connecting Chiang Saen and Chiang Khong districts. The port can handle 120,000 tonnes per year.
  • Chiang Khong Port, located in Chiang Khong Sub-District, Chiang Rai Province. The port aims to improve the efficiency of import-export services and promote border trade between the Republic of China, the Democratic Republic of Laos, Burma and Thailand. The port can handle 15,000 tons per year.
  • Ranong Port, located on the east bank of the river Kra Buri, Pak Num Sub-District, Muang District, Ranong Province, covers an area of approximately 51 hectares. Container terminal with a depth of 30 meters and a length of 150 meters is able to accommodate 12,000 containers per cargo ship at a time.

New deep water: Dawei

Thailand and Burma signed an agreement to develop the Dawei economic zone in 2008, followed by another agreement in 2012.
On January 30, 2015, Japan agreed to participate. It was revealed that they will participate in equal partnership to Thailand and Burma in cooperation for the development of the Dawei economic zone area and intend to provide technical and financial support for the project.

Among the benefits in the development of Dawei deep sea port are:

  • Development of a broad base for raw commerce and primary operations
  • Increased distribution of exports
  • Reduced transportation costs due to less dependence of the passage through the Strait of Mallacca
  • Industry Diversification
  • Regional Economic Expansion: increased demand and an optimized supply chain.
  • The expansion of the logistics network via new trade routes

freight services thailand

Port expansion in Thailand

The Port Authority of Thailand, as the lead agency, has implemented a port expansion plan by developing the second pool and inviting private sector participation on a Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT).

PAT, which currently manages five ports in Bangkok and provinces, signed a contract with consultants to study about the expansion of the port of Laem Chabang in Chon Buri. The study aims to put the port to international standards, but also to ecological standards. Through modern technology and the latest innovations, the port should offer faster services, reducing the waiting time for each vessel.

Laem Chabang has experienced two phases of development so far and is on the third phase of construction now. The third phase would raise the port’s capacity to a maximum of 18 million containers.

Completion is expected in 2019 and will respond to the rapid growth of international maritime commerce of Thailand. The expansion aims to transform Laem Chabang in main port in Mekong region, and ultimately compete Singapore.

Bangkok Port

At present, the Bangkok port handles 54% of total exports and imports of Thailand. The expansion project includes a new dock two kilometers long, 900 m wide and 15m deep to accommodate large vessels directly. It also plans to build twin rail tracks that link the northeast of the country directly to the port.

Through these major works, the Thai government is seeking to reduce logistical costs in order to increase global competitiveness.

Inland waterways

 The Department of the Navy Department of Transportation provides a development of inland logistics, which include the construction of a second cargo terminal at Ayudhya. The goal is to reduce costs and access to province.


SIAM Shipping | Procurement - Quality control - Logistics


Alibaba, Dhgate, made-in-china... Many know of websites to get supplies in Asia, but how many have come across a scam ?! It is very risky to pay an Asian supplier halfway around the world based only on promises! DocShipper offers you complete procurement services integrating logistics needs: purchasing, quality control, customization, licensing, transport...

Communication is important, which is why we strive to discuss in the most suitable way for you!

Economy of Thailand

Economy of Thailand

THB currency thailand

According to the IMF, the economy of Thailand is considered as an emerging economies, heavily dependent on exports which account for over half of GDP, 654 billion of dollars in 2015. This same year, Thailand is the second largest economy in Southeast Asia, after Indonesia but ahead of Malaysia.

The recovery in Thailand since the Asian economic crisis of 1997, is expressed in particular by specializing in certain export sectors such as automotive, food processing, electronics that make return significant amounts of foreign currency as tourism. GDP growth of Thailand has been running for a decade between 2% and 8%, with high volatility, especially because of the consequences of tensions in the South of Thailand, the 2004 tsunami and political instability linked to shirts red and yellow shirts and the 2008 crisis.

History of Thailand

The metric system is compulsory in Siam since 1912.

In the 1980s and 1990s under the government of Prem Tinsulanonda, Japanese investment and the opening of the country allow some industrialization of Thailand, while in parallel the tourism plays a growing role in the country’s economic development. The average annual growth of 9.4% between 1985 and 1996, the country is now an Asian tiger.

The Asian economic crisis has greatly affected Thailand and its baht currency, the role of the high level of toxic assets from Thai banks was highlighted.


Sectoral analysis

Agriculture in Thailand

Thailand is the largest exporter and one of the leading producers of rice, although the yield per hectare is low. In the late 1980s, the annual rice production was approximately 20.8 million tons, an annual increase of around 11.3 million tonnes compared to 1960.

Rubber, which comes mainly from plantations of the Malay Peninsula, is the second largest production country; Indeed, in late 1980, its annual production amounted to 860 000 tonnes. Thailand is the first world exporter of rubber.

The country also operates significantly its potential forest that covers 28% of its territory, including teak. Thus in 1992, the annual timber production was 37.6 million cubic meters, but the power is trying to significantly reduce those exports to anticipate deforestation’s problems.

The annual catch of shrimp, fish and shellfish, reaching 3.3 million tons in 1993, is a significant sector of the Thai economy. Commercial shrimp works well: throughout the country, more than 30,000 farms produced about 280,000 tons of shrimp in 2010 and exports to Europe, Japan and the United States reported more than $ 2 billion. But part of fishing which is used to feed shrimp in Thailand is regularly accused in the early 2010s to be made by migrant enslaved.

Mines in Thailand

Thailand was a major tin producers (21 000 tonnes in 1984). The price of this metal has fallen by 60% in the early 1980s, the Thai production did not exceed 4700 tonnes in 1993. The main mining production is now the brown coal (156 million tonnes), to which are added gypsum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, manganese and lead.

Energy in Thailand

Oil in Thailand

Recently Thailand discovered several oil deposits on its territory, operated by the national company PTT Public Company Limited (including Thai state is a shareholder at 51%), it produces 173,800 barrels per day ( in 2001) and 18.73 billion cubic meters of natural gas.

Electricity distribution in Thailand

Most of the electricity distribution network is in the city as in the country by overhead cables.

In 2016, electricity companies and the Thai telecommunications were instructed to bury electric cables become sometimes dangerous. The Thai Media Daily News, however advanced the complexity of the operation and ensures that the landfill will not be in a “near future”.

Industries in Thailand

In 2007, the industry contributed 43.9% of GDP, but employed only 14% of the workforce, especially in the food industry, textiles and electronics. Then comes the automotive, cement production, cigarettes and various chemicals and petroleum products. In 2009, car production has reached 930,000 units, twice more than in 2001.

Transport network in Thailand

The road network has improved in the 1970s, it covers almost 70 000 km of roads. The Thai railway network it about 4071 km of railways, operated by the state.

The river system through the Chao Phraya navigable over 80 km from its mouth, is an important inland waterway, providing passages on nearly 4000 km of waterways. The port of Bangkok and is one of the most modern in all of Southeast Asia.

Services in Thailand

In 2007, the service sector contributed 44.7% of GDP and employs 37% of the workforce. In the country, are present 3 general public banks, 5 specialized public banks, private banks 15 Thai and 17 foreign banks.

Tourism in Thailand

The tourism sector in 2015 represents about 14.5% of GDP, a very high rate compared to other countries in Southeast Asia. In 2001, the country has a tourist traffic of 10.1 million visitors in 2002 increased by 7.3% to 10.9 million. In 2007, 14 million tourists visited Thailand, the country is known for its seaside tourism especially in Phuket & Koh Samui, and its sex tourism. In 2011 despite floods, attacks in the Muslim south and the strong Thai baht, Thailand has again surprised by its resilience in the tourism market. Thailand recorded 19 million tourist arrivals in 2011, an increase of 19.9% yoy, according to the Ministry of Tourisme8. In 2015, Thailand welcomed nearly 30 million visitors, setting a new record.

The tourist traffic does not stop growing, in 2016 : 32.59 million tourists visited Thailand.

Work in Thailand

The labor force in Thailand was estimated at 36.9 million in 2007, located at 49% in agriculture, 37% in services and 14% in industry. In 2005, women accounted for 48% of the workforce. Less than 4% of the workforce is unionized, but it is 11% in industry and 50% in public enterprises.

Business in Thailand

The Thai economy relies heavily on exports. Statistics show that exportation represented an average of 70% of GDP in 2006 and 2007, against an average of 23% from 1980 to 1986. The increased trade between China and Thailand, including through the China-Asean Free trade Agreement should expand trade between the two countries to the tune of $ 100 billion over the next three years, double what it is now.


SIAM Shipping | Procurement - Quality control - Logistics


Alibaba, Dhgate, made-in-china... Many know of websites to get supplies in Asia, but how many have come across a scam ?! It is very risky to pay an Asian supplier halfway around the world based only on promises! DocShipper offers you complete procurement services integrating logistics needs: purchasing, quality control, customization, licensing, transport...

Communication is important, which is why we strive to discuss in the most suitable way for you!

ASEAN Community

ASEAN Economic Community

« Economic Integration has arrived. We must make the most of it »

The 10 nations of ASEAN are putting the final touches on their creation of a single market and production base with a population greater than either the European Union or North America, and the Permanent Secretary of Thailand’s Ministry of Commerce, Chutima Bunyaphraphasara, says the Kingdom must now strive to make the best use of the new régional economic integration.

For much of the past decade, the leaders of Thailand’s *tic- and private-sector organizations have been preaching the benefits and opportunities promised by the implementation at the end of 2015 of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC).

As that time arrived, the ASEAN nations had almost perfectly achieved their mission of forming a single market and production base, one of the four major elements of the AEC, by reducing tariff and non-tariff barriers, facilitating intra­regional trade, harmonizing standards, rules and regulations, liberalizing trade, services and investment and allowing a free flow of skilled labor.

The single big message from the Ministry of Commerce’s Permanent Secretary, Chutima Bunyapraphasara, is that the time has come; the benefits and opportunities are here for the taking, and it behoves all in Thailand who may enjoy them to make the best use of them.

Moreover, Thailand has a significant geographic advantage. Since the country is centrally located at the heart of ASEAN, Thai companies can conveniently trade with their counterparts in neighboring countries that share borders with Thailand, as well as investing in these countries. Thailand can also serve as a gateway to ASEAN for countries outside the region that wish to do business, export or invest in ASEAN.

“Thanks to our strategic location, Thailand can become a (trading and investment] gateway for our neighboring countries by utilizing the AEC program,” Chutima said.

Clearly, the benefits of economic integration have been growing for some years. ASEAN is already Thailand’s No.1 trading partner for both exports and imports. The Kingdom’s exports to ASEAN have grown consistently, year by year. Total shipments to ASEAN member countries exceeded $59 billion in 2014, accounting for 26 per cent of Thailand’s total exports.

In reality, the market for Thai companies has expanded from 69 million people in the past to 600 million people throughout the ASEAN region.

The new economic community obviously presents a jewel of an opportunity for Thai business operators to overcome constraints such as tabor shortages, higher production costs and lost trade privileges. They can now take advantage of ASEAN’s “single production base” by moving some of their production to neighboring countries where these issues are not a problem.

To ensure that the country fully utilizes the benefits of the AEC, the government has initiated many projects, including the enhancement of its trade and investment policies to better facilitate business, such as hastening the completion of the “National Single Window” project; investing in road and rail infrastructure to improve connectivity with neighboring countries; promoting border trade by removing obstacles and facilitating trade at border checkpoints; providing special tax and non-tax privileges to projects situated in Special Economic Zones; and enhancing the capabilities of Thai enterprises, especially small- and medium-sized enterprises. It has also assisted the development of human resources in various occupations in order to prepare them for the challenges of the AEC.

“The Ministry of Commerce has been working closely with other parties on these initiatives and we are confident that they will bring Thailand into the forefront of ASEAN and thus our vision of ‘Think ASEAN, Think Thailand’ will materialize,” Chutima said.


Challenges and Opportunities

Some of the main benefits of the AEC will be the ability of member countries and their businesses to complement their strengths and weaknesses and gain in local and global competitiveness.

“We can utilize benefits from the integration of Asean’s supply chain,” Chutima said. “As tariff and trade barriers are removed, importing raw materials from our neighboring countries will become more convenient than shipping them from outside the region. We can also bring in labor from neighboring countries to help meet our needs because we are entering an ageing demography. We can also bring in management and know-how from neighboring countries if they excel in particular fields.

“At the same time, we can utilize the transport infrastructure which has been developed to help bring down the costs of our business sector and enhance the competitiveness of our exported goods in Asean and other global markets,” she said.

The 10 Asean member countries have finalized their ninth package of commitments under the Asean Framework Agreement on Services. They are now moving Onto the 10th package, although the completion schedule for this package has been postponed by two years to 2017.

Nevertheless, the member countries have already given priority to the logistics sector, among other sectors, and have opened up their markets in accordance with earlier commitments. This is because of the importance of logistics as a trade facilitator that helps to boost trade and investment and promotes the single market principle.

Logistics is now one of the major service sectors on which the Ministry of Commerce has focused its promotional efforts, along with other industries such as tourism and healthcare services. The AEC will present distinct opportunities for Thai logistics service providers. They will be able to expand their operations by establishing warehouses, distribution centers and transport services in other Asean countries.

So far, Thailand has not undertaken to open up its logistic sector more than what is stipulated in current domestic laws. However, Chutima said the sector could be opened up ahead of the AEC’s framework because of its important influence on the competitiveness of Thai goods.

“In the meantime, we can unilaterally open up our logistics sector to support our policy of becoming a trading hub of the region,” she said.

Chutima said that Thai logistics service providers still needed to enhance their competitiveness to some the country’s mission of becoming a regional trading hub. A study commissioned by the World Bank has shown that the Kingdom has relatively high logistics costs – 14.1 to 14.7 per cent of gross domestic product, compared to 8.2 per cent of GDP in the United States and 7.2 per cent in the European Union. Thailand is ranked 35th on the World Bank’s Logistics Performance Index, which rated 160 countries around the world. It is lower down the index than two other Asean members – Singapore and Malaysia. The Logistics Performance Index indicates three areas that Thailand should tackle urgently: customs procedures, infrastructure and the competency of its logistics service providers.

Chutima said the government had already announced massive investments in infrastructure projects and was currently making a big effort to improve its customs procedures. On the matter of enhancing the competitiveness of logistics service providers, she said the private sector, especially the Thai International Freight Forwarders’ Association, should take a leading role.

“The government sector is very pleased to lend our support if there is a concrete plan proposed to us, since it is our policy to work closely with the private sector,” she said.

The Ministry of Commerce’s Departments of International Trade Promotion and Business Development implemented several projects to help Thai logistics service providers in 2015, she said. These including training and advisory services to help with organizational management and cost reductions; organizing seminars to disseminate knowledge on various topics such as innovations, “green logistics” and ISO standards; appraising organizations’ capacity to achieve ISO standards; holding international conferences on connecting logistics to facilitate the AEC; organizing an Excellent Logistics Management Award; helping local logistics service providers to meet and build networks with overseas governments and their foreign counterparts; and providing space for logistics firms to showcase their services at international trade fairs such as BIG+BIH and THAIFEX in Bangkok.

Further information, visit the official website : ASEAN



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